Sustainable Integrated Area Development (SIAD) Framework

SIAD is the agrarian reform and rural development framework that has been adopted by the PhilDHRRA network. Since 1995, SIAD became the over-arching strategy of PhilDHRRA’s engagement in agrarian and rural development. This strategy has evolved from developments around the globe. Two major world conferences influenced PhilDHRRA’s perspectives in rural development namely, the World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (WCARRD) and the UNCED’s Rio Summit.

The Impetus

In 1979, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) organized the first World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development participated by some 145 governments and adopted the WCARRD Declaration of Principles and Program of Action. The Conference declared that agrarian reform was the imperative to solve the hunger and poverty situation in many parts of the developing world. PhilDHRRA believes that to most poor rural families, access to land brings access to a source of livelihood, an increased sense of security and increased level of resilience. For Indigenous peoples communities, the right to land carries the right to self-determination, cultural integrity and authority.

In June 1992, the United Nations convened a Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, popularly known as the Rio Summit. This conference was a response to the growing global concerns over the effects of unregulated activities over the environment and natural resource. Following this summit, the Philippines was one of the first countries to respond to the summit agreements embodied in the Agenda 21, known to be the blueprint for the world development agenda in the 21st century.

Policies and Institutional Frameworks

In that same year, in September 1992, three months after the Rio Summit, then President Fidel Ramos issued Executive Order 15 which created the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD). The role of PCSD was to oversee the environmental and sustainable development initiatives in the country at all levels. Under this order, a parallel Civil Society Counterpart Council for Sustainable Development (CSCCSD) was also created.

Several other policy developments and institutional framework building initiatives were undertaken by the Philippine Government to purposively follow through its commitments to the Agenda 21. In 1999, PCSD identified the Sustainable Integrated Area Development (SIAD) as the key implementing strategy for the localization of PA 21. SIAD is an approach to development aimed at addressing the issue of equity by enabling the poor majority to participate directly in development process. It considers people and the integrity of nature at the center of development initiatives. Memorandum Order No. 47 was issued by then President Joseph Ejercito Estrada reaffirming PA 21 and furthermore directing LGUs to formulate and implement their respective SIAD plans.

Learn more about the SIAD Framework and the methods on how it is used in operations by downloading the guidebook written by PhilDHRRA.